Ten Item Personality Measure (TIPI)

The TIPI is a 10-item measure of the Big Five (or Five-Factor Model) dimensions. Before you use this instrument, please read this note on alpha reliability and factor structure.

**WANT TO USE THE TIPI? GO AHEAD. ANYONE CAN USE IT FOR ANY PURPOSE. NO NEED TO ASK ME FOR PERMISSION.**

Original reference:

Gosling, S. D., Rentfrow, P. J., & Swann, W. B., Jr. (2003). A Very Brief Measure of the Big Five Personality Domains. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 504-528.

Abstract

When time is limited, researchers may be faced with the choice of using an extremely brief measure of the Big-Five personality dimensions or using no measure at all. To meet the need for a very brief measure, 5 and 10-item inventories were developed and evaluated. Although somewhat inferior to standard multi-item instruments, the instruments reached adequate levels in terms of (a) convergence with widely used Big-Five measures in self, observer, and peer reports, (b) test-retest reliability, (c) patterns of predicted external correlates, and (d) convergence between self and observer ratings. On the basis of these tests, a 10-item measure of the Big Five dimensions is offered for situations when very short measures are needed, personality is not the primary topic of interest, or researchers can tolerate the somewhat diminished psychometric properties associated with very brief measures.

More information:

1. TIPI manuscript (pdf)

2. TIPI scale

3. TIPI scale (pdf)

4. TIPI norms (in pdf from Jason Rentfrow’s online study of Music Preferences): Male NormsFemale Norms
The TIPI norms were based on data collected here: http://www.outofservice.com/music-personality-test/
The norms should be cited as, Gosling, S. D., Rentfrow, P. J., & Potter, J. (2014). Norms for the Ten Item Personality Inventory. Unpublished Data.
Demographic information on the norms can be found here.

 

Scoring the TIPI

1. Recode the reverse-scored items (i.e., recode a 7 with a 1, a 6 with a 2, a 5 with a 3, etc.). The reverse scored items are 2, 4, 6, 8, & 10.

2. Take the AVERAGE of the two items (the standard item and the recoded reverse-scored item) that make up each scale.

Example using the Extraversion scale: A participant has scores of 5 on item 1 (Extraverted, enthusiastic) and and 2 on item 6 (Reserved, quiet). First, recode the reverse-scored item (i.e., item 6), replacing the 2 with a 6. Second, take the average of the score for item 1 and the (recoded) score for item 6. So the TIPI Extraversion scale score would be: (5 + 6)/2 = 5.5

 

LOOKING FOR A QUICK WAY TO COMPUTE AND DISPLAY TIPI SCORES?

Daniel DeNeui has created an excel spreadsheet, which computes your scores and plots them alongside the norms we have published. Click here to get a copy of the spreadsheet. If you have any questions about the spreadsheet please contact Dr. DeNeui.

Justin Cheng has created an spss syntax file to compute the scores. Click here to get a copy. If you have any questions about it, please contact Justin.

 

Comparisons with other very brief Big Five scales

In response to the need for very brief measures of the Big Five, a couple of other measures have been developed in addition to the TIPI. These include the Single-Item Measure of Personality (SIMP; Wood & Hampson, 2005) and another 10-item measure (Rammstedt & John, 2007). In my own (unpublished) analyses all three instruments perform about equally well in terms of convergence with the NEO-PI-R assessed several weeks later. Moreover, all three instruments take about the same length of time to complete (because the 5 items of the SIMP are longer and more complex than than the items in the 10-item tests). The one published analysis (Furnham, 2008) that compared several very brief measures suggested that the TIPI “achieves slightly better validity than the other measures.”

 

Translations

These translations have been provided by their developers for research use. I have included them here as a resource for researchers but their inclusion does not imply that I endorse them. They differ in the procedures used to develop them and the degree to which they have been validated. I did not develop them and have not used them in my own research so I cannot evaluate them.  For further details on the instruments, please contact their authors. As far as I know, you are free to use these translations but as a courtesy I encourage you to contact the contact persons listed below before doing so.

CATALAN

A Catalan version is available here. This document also includes a Castillian version. It was developed by Ursula Oberst and Vanessa Renau Ruiz.

The validation of the instrument is described in:

Renau, V., Oberst, U., Gosling, S. D., Rusiñol, J., & Chamarro, A (2013). Translation and validation of the Ten-Item-Personality Inventory into Spanish and Catalan. Aloma.Revista de Psicologia, Ciències de l’Educació i de l’Esport, 31, 85-97.

 

CHINESE 

A Chinese version of the TIPI is available here. It was developed by Minyan Huang, Ye Chen, and Hillary Anger Elfenbein.

CHINESE (HONG KONG/MACAU/TAIWANESE VERSION)

Another Chinese version of the TIPI is available here. It was developed by Jean Tzou and Lise DeShea.

DUTCH (2)

A Dutch version of the TIPI is available here. It was developed by Sander Koole.

An analysis of a revised five-item version of the Dutch TIPI, the TIPI-r (in which the two items on each scale were converted to a single item) is available here. For questions about this scale or about a Dutch translation of the 44-item BFI, email Jaap Denissen.

A second Dutch version of the TIPI is available here (in word format) along with an article by Joeri HofmansPeter Kuppens, and Juri Allik describing how it was validated.

FARSI (PERSIAN)

A Farsi version of the TIPI is available here (in pdf format). It was developed by Madjid Mirzavaziri, Hamid Vazire, and Simine Vazire in collaboration with Mohsen Joshanloo.

FRENCH

A French version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Erica Carlisle.

A revised version of the Carlisle instrument is available here (in pdf format). It eliminates three additional (non-TIPI) items, lists the traits in both masculine and feminine form, and uses the original TIPI item order. The revision was made by Mike Friedman.

GERMAN

A German version of the TIPI is available here (in word format) or by emailing the authors Benedikt Hell and Peter M. Muck.

The validation of this instrument is described in:

Muck, P. M., Hell, B, & Gosling, S. D. (2007). Construct validation of a short Five-Factor Model instrument: A self-peer study on the German adaptation of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-G)European Journal of Personality Assessment. Please email  Benedikt Hell or Peter M. Muck for information on this paper.

GREEK

A Greek version of the TIPI is available  here (in pdf format). It was developed by Eleni Karfopoulou.

HEBREW

A Hebrew version of the TIPI is available here (in word format). It was developed by Sigal Tifferet.

ITALIAN

An Italian version of the TIPI is available here (in word format). It was developed by Carlo Chiorri.

The validation of the instrument is described in:

Chiorri, C., Bracco, F., Piccinno, T., Modafferi C., & Battini, V. (2014). Psychometric properties of a revised version of the Ten Item Personality Inventory. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, DOI: 10.1027/1015-5759/a000215.

Another Italian version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Erica Carlisle.

JAPANESE

A Japanese  version of the TIPI is available  here (in pdf format). It was developed by Atsushi OshioShingo Abe, and Pino Cutrone.

The validation of the instrument is described in:

Oshio, A., Abe, S., & Cutrone, P. (2012). Development, reliability, and validity of the Japanese Version of the Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI-J)The Japanese Journal of Personality, 21, 40-52.

KOREAN

A Korean  version of the TIPI is available  here (in pdf format). It was developed by Shang E. Ha.

NEPALESE

A Nepalese version of the TIPI is available  here (in pdf format). It was developed by Ho Pui Chan.

NORWEGIAN

A Norwegian version of the TIPI is available here (in word format) or by emailing the author Cristina Aicher.

POLISH (2)

Two Polish versions of the TIPI are available.

One version (available here)  was developed by Agnieszka Sorokowska. The paper (in Polish) describing the scale and its development can be found here.

A second version was developed by Mariola Laguna. Some basic psychometric information is available here (in word format). This version is available  here (in word format).

PORTUGESE

A Portugese (Brazilian Portugese) version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Carlos Eduardo Pimentel.

A Portugese (European Portugese) version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Sao Luis Castro and Cesar Lima.

SPANISH (6)

Six Spanish versions of the TIPI are available:

One version is available here (in pdf format). This document includes both Castillian and Catalan versions. It was developed by Ursula Oberst and Vanessa Renau Ruiz.

The validation of the instrument is described in:

Renau, V., Oberst, U., Gosling, S. D., Rusiñol, J., & Chamarro, A (2013). Translation and validation of the Ten-Item-Personality Inventory into Spanish and Catalan. Aloma.Revista de Psicologia, Ciències de l’Educació i de l’Esport, 31, 85-97.

Another version is available here (in pdf format). It was developed by Cesar A. Merino Soto.

Another version is available here (in word format). It was developed by Carmelo Vazquez.

Another version  is available here (in word format). It was developed by Nairan Ramirez.

Another version is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Erica Carlisle.

Another version is available  here (in word format). It was developed by  Jonathan Ayala.

SWEDISH

A Swedish version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was originally developed by Erica Carlisle and revised and updated by Emil Lundell.

TURKISH

A Turkish version of the TIPI is available  here (in word format). It was developed by Hason Atak. Some basic psychometric information is available here (in word format).

 URDU

An Urdu version of the TIPI has been developed by Fareeha Arshad (under supervision of Prof. Dr. Farah Malik). Here you can get the Urdu Version, the item-to-item correlations, the forward translation, and the backward translation